I will place the Essential Unit Vocabulary on this page. Please understand this is not an exhaustive list - the study guides are better for the exhaustive list. This is something that will help some basic understanding of Civics & Economics - not to mention the 6 o'clock news!

Essential Questions for each unit!


Unit 9:
budget, mandatory spending, discretionary spending, sales tax, property tax, entitlement program, subsidize, intergovernmental revenue, surplus, deficit, bond, debt, balanced budget, impulse buying, save, invest, princple, return, stock, dividend, bond, mutual fund, income tax, expense, credit, collateral, bankruptcy

Unit 8:
sole proprietorship, financial capital, partnership, corporation, stock, stockholder, cooperative, labor union, collective bargaining, mediation, arbitration, strike, export, import, comparative advantage, tariff, quota, free trade, exchange rate, trade surplus, trade deficit, developing country, developed country

Unit 7:
market economy, command economy, mixed economy, traditional economy, scarcity, supply, demand, wants, needs, opportunity costs, factors of production, Adam Smith, labor unions, taxes, human capital, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, franchise, stock market, circular flow model, equilibrium, shortage, surplus, product market, factor market, invisible hand, incentives, limited liability, unlimited liability, division of labor, fixed costs, variable costs, laissez-faire, business cycle, trade off, competition, profit, consumer price index, unemployment rate, land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship

Unit 6:
Criminal Law, Civil Law, Administrative Law, Constitutional Law, Common Law, Statutory Law, defense, prosecution, preponderance of evidence, burden of proof, hung jury, grand jury, petit jury, cross-examination, due process, plaintiff,
bill, compromise, arbitration, mediation, negotiation, punishment, restitution, rehabilitation, parole, probation, community service, capital punishment, recidivism

Unit 5:
citizenship, civil liberties, equity, informed citizenry, political activism, melting pot, political party, two-party system, third party, platform, plank, national committee, caucus, precinct, ward, political machine, direct primary, closed primary, open primary, plurality, majority, petition, polling place, precinct, ballot, absentee ballot, returns, exit poll, electorate, apathy, Electoral College, initiative, proposition, referendum, recall, elector, winner-take-all system, propaganda, political action committee, soft money, incumbent, public opinion, mass media, interest group, public opinion poll, pollster, print media, electronic media, public agenda, leak, prior restraint, libel, malice, public interest group, nonpartisan, political action committee, lobbyist

Unit 4:
equity, informed citizenry, popular sovereignty, political activism, bureaucracy, jurisdiction, revenue v expenditure, budget, term limits, qualifications, powers, executive agencies, foreign policy, domestic policy, state government, local government, city government, annexation, incorporation, NIMBY, zoning, federalism, All major court cases, appellate jurisdiction, exclusive jurisdiction, concurrent jurisdiction, lobbying, committee, sub- committee, bill, appropriations, advise and consent, franking privilege, filibuster, majority opinion, concurring opinion, dissenting opinion, precedent, judicial review, executive privilege, Cabinet, Administrative agencies, and major presidential roles

Unit 3:
US Constitution, NC Constitution, Preamble, Articles, Bill of Rights, bicameral, ratify, confederation, Federalists, Anti-Federalists, Electoral College,
Amendments, Amendment Process, Ratification, Patriot Act, Taxes, Federalism, Conflict Resolution, Civil Liberties, Due Process, Equity, Popular Sovereignty, Political Activism, bureaucracy, Constitutionality, Jurisdiction, Political Ideology, Economic Ideology, Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, Judicial Branch, Separation of Powers, checks and balances, expressed powers, reserved powers, concurrent powers, Limited Government

Unit 2:
federalism, civil liberties, Separation of Power, Popular Sovereignty, adversarial nature,
Limited Government, Mayflower Compact, Dec of Independence, Magna Carta, Articles of Confederation, Federalist Papers, Shay’s Rebellion, Zenger case, Maryland Act of Toleration, House of Burgesses, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, Constitutional Convention

Unit 1:
citizenship, immigration, naturalization, melting pot, tossed salad, duties, responsibilities, oligarchy, theocracy, direct democracy, representative democracy, republic, citizenship, civil liberties, political activism, equality, government, informed citizen, CIVICS, dictatorship, totalitarianism, absolute monarchy, constitutional [limited] monarchy, aristocracy, federalism, confederacy